Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germanic dialects before their final divergence into separate Nordic languages. Old Norse was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements and chronologically coincides with the Viking Age, the Christianization of Scandinavia and the consolidation of Scandinavian kingdoms from around the 7th to the 15th centuries.The Proto-Norse language had developed into Old Norse by the 8th century, and Old Norse began to develop into the modern North Germanic languages in the mid-to-late 14th century, ending the language phase known as Old Norse. These dates, however, are not absolute, since written Old Norse is found well into the 15th century.Old Norse was divided into three dialects: Old West Norse or Old West Nordic (often referred to as Old Norse), Old East Norse or Old East Nordic, and Old Gutnish. Old West Norse and Old East Norse formed a dialect continuum, with no clear geographical boundary between them. For example, Old East Norse traits were found in eastern Norway, although Old Norwegian is classified as Old West Norse, and Old West Norse traits were found in western Sweden. Most speakers spoke Old East Norse in what is present-day Denmark and Sweden. Old Gutnish is sometimes included in the Old East Norse dialect due to geographical associations. It developed its own unique features and shared in changes to both other branches.The 12th-century Icelandic Gray Goose Laws state that Swedes, Norwegians, Icelanders, and Danes spoke the same language, dǫnsk tunga ("Danish tongue"; speakers of Old East Norse would have said dansk tunga). Another term was norrœnt mál ("northern speech"). Today Old Norse has developed into the modern North Germanic languages Icelandic, Faroese, Norwegian, Danish, and Swedish, of which Norwegian, Danish and Swedish retain considerable mutual intelligibility while Icelandic remains the closest to Old Norse.

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  1. Dan

    Old Members who wish to have their old accounts reinstated

    We are getting this question asked a lot and we welcome all members both new and old. Those that have had their account fully erased will not be able to get that actual account back. However we have tools to get a brand new account looking like the old erased account. So sign up for your new...
  2. L

    Freecycle tiles French made and a few years old?

    Hi can anybody help me confirm these 'free' tiles are floor tiles? I have had them 'in stock' for over ten years! Thank you if you can help, all the details should be on the photos.
  3. L

    replacing 70 year old shower pan, do I need to take out the curb?

    The shower pan on my all tile 70 year old shower started to leak. I have access the the underside of the shower and am also replacing the old galvinized pipes which are rusted through, in fact this is what alerted me to the pan leak. I want to replace just the pan and the drain. The wall...
  4. J

    Using brick slips as a bathroom floor over old bitumen

    Hi there everyone. What a fantastic forum. I have taken out the bathroom in our 1930s bungalow. The floor was tiled, and well stuck down. Removing the tiles has revealed a layer of bitumen painted onto concrete. The floor is solid and isn't likely to move. My question is this...what kind of...
  5. I

    Adhesive Hi Everyone, I've got a floor that is constructed with OSB. The construction is very rigid and solid. I also have a large number of old tomettes

    Hi Everyone, I've got a floor that is constructed with OSB. The construction is very rigid and solid. I also have a large number of old tomettes (natural clay, unglazed) that I would like to use on the floor. Any advise on laying, adhesives etc. would be gratefully received.
  6. C

    Setting Out Is an anti-crack membrane necessary on old concrete.

    I was wondering what the opinion is of this forum regarding laying porcelain tiles on an old concrete floor. The floor is 28 square meters being laid with porcelain tiles on a concrete floor that was poured 20 years ago, the house is a new build that was never completed. From what I’ve seen the...
  7. E

    Subfloor preparation old house

    Hi, first post here. I've been lurking this forum for advice for a while, thank you all who share your knowledge. I'm to tile a kitchen of an old (old old) house, farmers concrete with NO DPM, house has no dpc, stone walls. Area 17 sqm, waves up to 12 mm difference, to be finished with...
  8. M

    Massive Help Needed with old Plaster and Primer (Please, I'm begging someone)

    Hello All, I would just like to start off by saying that I've been in the construction industry for roughly 7 years as a Cladding Site Manager and Facade Engineer, but apologetically, I have zero expertise in Tiling and I am attempting a DIY Re-Tiling job on a very small budget for my...
  9. R

    Adhesive Adhesive bonding old and new

    Hi all, I have a fully cured sand cement screed that howeever needed proper levelling and prep work before installimg my 120x60 Porcelaine gres tiles. My contractor proceeded in using adhesive as he advised that he can use tile adhesive to level it up rather than self levelling. Unfortunately...
  10. K

    Advice on herringbone pattern across old kitchen timber floor and new concrete extension floor

    Hi, We have a kitchen extension currently under way, the kitchen floor is timber and extension is concrete. Total area 50sqm We hoped to place a herringbone pattern in wood effect tiles - size- 15x90. 6mm thick. We are aware of the need for an expansion joint between the two substrates to help...
  11. Cherie

    Pictures Where to start? Removing old vinyl floor so far

    I have an object in way, I will send pictures if I figure out how. So far removing old stuff. I know I have to put down plywood(outdoor grade) then hardiebacker but wondered I'd schlueter is better. Have liquid water proof to use too. Got that for walls but have plenty. Where to start? If I need...
  12. Willp93

    I'm Looking For This Tile Can someone help identify these 6 year old tiles?

    Hi, please see photo, tiles are 297x396mm. They're more yellowy than the photo suggests. Thanks, Will
  13. A

    I'm Looking For This Tile 18.75 x 18.75 inches. About 8-10 years old. Textured surface.

    Looking for help in identifying so I can look for them. Need 12-14.
  14. B

    Porcelain tiles on top of 90 day old screed

    Hi After some advice, I am a DIY tiler and going to be tiling our kitchen extension floor with porcelain tiles ( have tiled before so confident with tiling). We had the screed laid (sand/cement @ 75mm) about 90 days ago, I’m confident it dried and has no cracking anywhere and level. The screed...
  15. T

    Old tile match?

    I've had to replace an electric shower and have been left with a hole on a tiled wall in bathroom. The tiles seem fairly old and I can't see anything that matches locally. Size is 250 x 330mm and colour as per image attached. Tje hole isn't quite as full tile size. Just hoping someone knows of...
  16. H

    Contractor did not use recommended adhesive over old tiles - how big a problem?

    I am part-way through having retrofit underfloor heating installed (the panel type) and in a couple of rooms it is going down over old vinyl tiles which contain asbestos (so we decided not to disturb them). We had the old tiles checked by a tiler and he said they were sound enough for the panels...
  17. T

    24 year old tile over cement slab floor failing-tenting and popping up

    Hi, I've put down quite a bit of tile over the years but always worked with backerboard. I'm renovating a house in Florida (first one in Florida) that was built in 1996. It's concrete slab foundation and the tile was laid directly on the slab with what appears to be basic thinset. When I was...
  18. N

    Screed / SLC over old marleys

    Hi all, I have a room full of old asbestos marleys in good condition (apart from a few chips by carpet grippers). Can anyone recommend a screed / slc to go directly over the top of the tiles? I don't want to pull them up. Thanks
  19. B

    I'm Looking For This Tile Bath Store Newham manufacturer British Tiles

    I’m looking for bathroom tiles previously stocked by the Bath Store. We believe they were called Newham and made by British Tiles. Does anyone have spares or know where the old stock went?
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