old

Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germanic dialects before their final divergence into separate Nordic languages. Old Norse was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements and chronologically coincides with the Viking Age, the Christianization of Scandinavia and the consolidation of Scandinavian kingdoms from around the 7th to the 15th centuries.The Proto-Norse language had developed into Old Norse by the 8th century, and Old Norse began to develop into the modern North Germanic languages in the mid-to-late 14th century, ending the language phase known as Old Norse. These dates, however, are not absolute, since written Old Norse is found well into the 15th century.Old Norse was divided into three dialects: Old West Norse or Old West Nordic (often referred to as Old Norse), Old East Norse or Old East Nordic, and Old Gutnish. Old West Norse and Old East Norse formed a dialect continuum, with no clear geographical boundary between them. For example, Old East Norse traits were found in eastern Norway, although Old Norwegian is classified as Old West Norse, and Old West Norse traits were found in western Sweden. Most speakers spoke Old East Norse in what is present-day Denmark and Sweden. Old Gutnish is sometimes included in the Old East Norse dialect due to geographical associations. It developed its own unique features and shared in changes to both other branches.The 12th-century Icelandic Gray Goose Laws state that Swedes, Norwegians, Icelanders, and Danes spoke the same language, dǫnsk tunga ("Danish tongue"; speakers of Old East Norse would have said dansk tunga). Another term was norrœnt mál ("northern speech"). Today Old Norse has developed into the modern North Germanic languages Icelandic, Faroese, Norwegian, Danish, and Swedish, of which Norwegian, Danish and Swedish retain considerable mutual intelligibility while Icelandic remains the closest to Old Norse.

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  1. T

    I'm Looking For This Tile Looking for some old spare Faenza floor tiles

    Hello, I'm a newbie! Our Kitchen floor is slowly cracking up and I'm trying to locate some Antiche Ceramiche La Fabbricca 30x30cm floor tiles. Probably need about 10-12? Any help in the right direction most welcome. Thanks
  2. Lou

    Old vintage ceramic wall hanging

    Morning guys and gals My grandma had this hanging in her kitchen for as long as I can remember and I've had it in a drawer for the past ten years since she passed away. There are no makers marks on the back just a little groove for a nail. Sadly I broke the tail and glued it back on a few...
  3. M

    Tiling on walls after old tiles removed

    Do you think it would be ok to tile over this wall after the removal of the original tiles?
  4. A

    Can I tile directly over this old adhesive (photos included)

    Hi all, I removed some old tiles from the shower and wanted to know if it's possible to tile directly over this old adhesive. I removed some of it but it is a lot of work. I'm also planning not to tile the entire area that was tiled before but rather plaster and paint over it. So for anyone...
  5. L

    25 yr old tiles to match or similar

    Hi Client experienced flooding and is looking to replace their 25 yr old terracotta look alike tiles or find something similar. Does anybody know of a current tile that is available that is similar? Thanks
  6. G

    Tiling over old pipe

    Old gas fireplace insert getting tiled. Hoping to get an electric stove in there, but tight on space. Plasterer knew this, so didn’t go out the extra cm(ish) and said we can tile over it with a bit thicker adhesive and it should be fine. Finally got around to tiling and didn’t realise it stuck...
  7. L

    Freecycle tiles French made and a few years old?

    Hi can anybody help me confirm these 'free' tiles are floor tiles? I have had them 'in stock' for over ten years! Thank you if you can help, all the details should be on the photos.
  8. L

    replacing 70 year old shower pan, do I need to take out the curb?

    The shower pan on my all tile 70 year old shower started to leak. I have access the the underside of the shower and am also replacing the old galvinized pipes which are rusted through, in fact this is what alerted me to the pan leak. I want to replace just the pan and the drain. The wall...
  9. J

    Using brick slips as a bathroom floor over old bitumen

    Hi there everyone. What a fantastic forum. I have taken out the bathroom in our 1930s bungalow. The floor was tiled, and well stuck down. Removing the tiles has revealed a layer of bitumen painted onto concrete. The floor is solid and isn't likely to move. My question is this...what kind of...
  10. I

    Adhesive floor that is constructed with OSB. Can I tile it?

    Hi Everyone, I've got a floor that is constructed with OSB. The construction is very rigid and solid. I also have a large number of old tomettes (natural clay, unglazed) that I would like to use on the floor. Any advise on laying, adhesives etc. would be gratefully received.
  11. Georgeo

    I'm Looking For This Tile Where to find B&Q Discontinued Tiles

    (8
  12. C

    Setting Out Is an anti-crack membrane necessary on old concrete.

    I was wondering what the opinion is of this forum regarding laying porcelain tiles on an old concrete floor. The floor is 28 square meters being laid with porcelain tiles on a concrete floor that was poured 20 years ago, the house is a new build that was never completed. From what I’ve seen the...
  13. E

    Subfloor preparation old house

    Hi, first post here. I've been lurking this forum for advice for a while, thank you all who share your knowledge. I'm to tile a kitchen of an old (old old) house, farmers concrete with NO DPM, house has no dpc, stone walls. Area 17 sqm, waves up to 12 mm difference, to be finished with...
  14. M

    Massive Help Needed with old Plaster and Primer (Please, I'm begging someone)

    Hello All, I would just like to start off by saying that I've been in the construction industry for roughly 7 years as a Cladding Site Manager and Facade Engineer, but apologetically, I have zero expertise in Tiling and I am attempting a DIY Re-Tiling job on a very small budget for my...
  15. R

    Adhesive Adhesive bonding old and new

    Hi all, I have a fully cured sand cement screed that howeever needed proper levelling and prep work before installimg my 120x60 Porcelaine gres tiles. My contractor proceeded in using adhesive as he advised that he can use tile adhesive to level it up rather than self levelling. Unfortunately...
  16. K

    Advice on herringbone pattern across old kitchen timber floor and new concrete extension floor

    Hi, We have a kitchen extension currently under way, the kitchen floor is timber and extension is concrete. Total area 50sqm We hoped to place a herringbone pattern in wood effect tiles - size- 15x90. 6mm thick. We are aware of the need for an expansion joint between the two substrates to help...
  17. Cherie

    Pictures Where to start? Removing old vinyl floor so far

    I have an object in way, I will send pictures if I figure out how. So far removing old stuff. I know I have to put down plywood(outdoor grade) then hardiebacker but wondered I'd schlueter is better. Have liquid water proof to use too. Got that for walls but have plenty. Where to start? If I need...
  18. Willp93

    I'm Looking For This Tile Can someone help identify these 6 year old tiles?

    Hi, please see photo, tiles are 297x396mm. They're more yellowy than the photo suggests. Thanks, Will
  19. A

    I'm Looking For This Tile 18.75 x 18.75 inches. About 8-10 years old. Textured surface.

    Looking for help in identifying so I can look for them. Need 12-14.
  20. B

    Porcelain tiles on top of 90 day old screed

    Hi After some advice, I am a DIY tiler and going to be tiling our kitchen extension floor with porcelain tiles ( have tiled before so confident with tiling). We had the screed laid (sand/cement @ 75mm) about 90 days ago, I’m confident it dried and has no cracking anywhere and level. The screed...
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